Friday, June 21, 2024

Perfect Traditional Adai Dosai

Perfect traditional Adai dosai.






To grind:
Idly rice / any rice - 1cup
Raw rice (Basmati) - 1 cup
Thoor dhal - 1/4 cup
Channa dhal - 1/2 cup
Moong Dal - 1/2 cup
urid dhal  - 2 tbsp
Ginger - 2 inch
Dry red chilli - 5
Asafoetida - 1/4 tsp
Turmeric powder - 1 tsp
Cumin - 1 tsp
Salt - 2 tsp

To temper:
Oil - 2 tbsp
Mustard - 1tsp
urid dhal - 1 tsp
onion - 2 cup
Green chili - 2
cilantro - a handful
curry leaf - 1 sprig

Method:

Wash and soak the rice , thoor dhal, channa dhal, urid dhal for 3 hours.
I soaked it by afternoon and made it for dinner.
Because while making adai , the dhals should not ferment. Moreover do not use fermented left over batter.
Grind soaked items along with Red chilli, ginger, asafoetida, turmeric, cumin and salt like coarse dosa batter .
Tempering the batter :
Heat a pan with oil and add mustard, as it crackles, add urid dhal.
When urid dal starts to get red in color, then add the chopped onion , cilantro, curry leaves and fry till the onion becomes transparent.
Then add this tempering to adai dosa batter.
Heat a dosa pan and coat it with a little sesame oil.
(Thick traditional dosa tawas make crispy adais than the non stick tawas)
Then pour a ladle of batter and make thick dosas.
Make a hole in the center of the adai and add 1 tsp sesame oil or ghee around the adai and in the center hole.
Flip it. Wait to get adai cooked on both sides (almost 1 - 2 minute each side at medium heat).
Like wise make as many as required.
Adai dosai is ready!

Serving suggestions:
Serve adai hot with coconut chutney or aviyal or onion chutney.
Do not prepare it in batches before serving. Because cold adai does not taste great.
So start making adai , as soon as anyone sits in front of the dinner plate.

Note:  
The taste will be enhanced if we add a handful of drumstick leaves to the batter before making adai.




Tuesday, June 18, 2024

Tirunelveli special Garlic Tamarind Rice (பூண்டு புளிசாதம் )

'Puli saatham' , the name itself has the power to make any one drool. There are so many variations in making a puli saatham.
In Tirunelveli (TamilNadu, India) ,we call it as Puliyotharai. The main variation is the addition of garlic and its roasted ingredients .Moreover we have the habit of using pure chekku Nallennai otherwise called Virgin Sesame oil for the pulihora and dosai.
Still I remember the vacations amma , athais and chithi used to make Puliyotharai for our temple visits. The post brings me the memories of our vacations in Tiruchendur resorts (a beach side village famous for its Lord Murugan Temple) and the long train journeys to Madras:) Mom used to pack the puliyotharai in broiled banana leaves.(Placing the banana leaf over the fire for a few seconds make it flexible to pack food). I have always wondered if the aroma of the puliyotharai comes from the banana leaf or by the gingelly oil:) But now I am sure it is by the love of the person who prepares it:)
Anyways here goes the recipe for Puliyotharai.




Other names: Puliyodharai / Tamarind rice / Puli saatham / Pulihora.

Ingredients:
Raw rice (Pacharisi) / Basmati rice - 2 cup
Salt - 1/2 tsp 
To roast and powder:
Mustard  - 1 tsp
Methi (Fenugreek) - 1/2 tsp
Sesame oil - 1 tsp
To Fry and add with rice:
Peanut  -  handful
Cashew - 15


For Puliyotharai mix:
Tamarind - a lemon size ball
Sea Salt - 1 tsp
Table salt - as per taste
Sesame oil - 3 tbsp 
Garlic - 1 whole
Mustard - 1 tsp
Channa dal - 2 tbsp
Dry red chilly - 2
Curry leaf - a sprig.
Turmeric powder - 1 tsp
Hing - a pinch








Cooking the rice:

Cook the rice with 1/2 tsp salt and ample water .
Drain the excess water. Spread the cooked rice in a wide plate (thambalam) and let it cool completely.

Puliyotharai powder:
Heat 1 tsp oil in a wok and fry the fenugreek seed and mustard till we get nice aroma.
Cool and powder it in a hand mortar / blender.

Puli kaachal (Tamarind masala):
Heat 1 tbsp sesame oil in a wok. Fry the ground nut, cashew nut separately and keep aside.
Again heat the remaining oil in the same wok.
Add mustard, Channa dhal, red chillies (torn into bits),curry leaf , asafoetida and fry well till mustard pops.
Then add the peeled garlic and stir till the garlic starts turning golden.

Extract juice from tamarind using 1 cup of water and pour the juice into the wok.

Now put the Turmeric powder , salt and boil till the oil starts showing.
Then add the freshly grind powder. Turn off heat.
Puli kaachal is ready. We can store it in refrigerator for further use also.

Puliyotharai preparation:

Sprinkle the roasted nuts over the cooked rice.
Add the puli kaachal to the cooked rice little by little and mix well till it tastes good (not too sour).
Puliyotharai is ready!
Keep the remaining gravy refrigerated for further use.

Serving suggestions:
Serve as main course lunch / dinner / breakfast.
Serves 2 adults.
The best side dishes can be the crispy masal vadai and thengai thovaiyal (thick coconut chutney) or simply with potato chips.
It goes well with hard boiled eggs, egg podimas too.

Note:
Tamarind rice cooked in this manner can stay fresh for nearly 3 days without refrigerator. So it can be packed as a best packed food for a long journey, if we prefer home made food.
If packed for a long journey , make separate parcels for every time use. Do not mix the touched food along with fresh one. Do not keep coconut chutney for the journey as it will get spoiled soon. Care should be taken not to touch the food with hand / wet spoon while cooking , and it  gets to live longer, 




Saturday, June 15, 2024

Indian Chinese Egg fried Rice

 This is an Indian street food called as 'Chinese egg fried rice'.




we can use any veggies like carrot, scallion, beans, peas, corn also.





Ingredients:
Jasmine Rice - 1 (uncooked)
Sesame oil - 4 Tbsp
Egg - 2
Broccoli - 1/2 cup (chopped)
Onion - 1/2 cup (Diced)
Green Bell pepper - 1/2 cup (Diced)
Red Bell pepper - 1/2 cup (Diced)
Garlic - 2 cloves
Salt - 1/2 tsp
White Pepper powder - 1 Tsp
Soy Sauce - 2 Tbsp
Tomato Ketchup - 1 Tbsp
Hot Sauce - 1 Tsp

Method:
Rinse rice. Soak the rice for 10 mins in room temperature water. 
Bring 5 cups water to boil.
Add rice and cook 10 mins till it is 3/4 th cooked (grainy).
Add 1 tsp butter or oil to make it non stick.
Drain water , let it cool.
Keep inside fridge until we are ready to prepare fried rice.
Chilled rice is best suitable for fried rice.
Heat 2 tbsp sesame oil in a pan.
Dice / cube the veggies to small pieces 1/2 inch or 1/4 inch cubes. Add chopped veggeies.
Saute at high heat for 1 min. Don't cook it well. They should be crunchy.
Peel and chop garlic. Add garlic to veggies.
Mix well.
Push them aside.
Add 2 tbsp sesame oil to the pan.
Break the eggs and add. Scramble the eggs. 
Sesaon with salt (1/4 tsp for each egg).
As soon as the egg gets cooked mix it with vegetables.
Sprinkle pepper powder and mix well.
Add soy sauce, tomato sauce, hot sauce and mix well.
Cook at high temp for 2-3 mins to brown / caramelize the ingredients.
If needed add 1 or 2 tsp sugar to get the color.
Add the cooked rice (2 cups). 
Mix well.
Cook at high temp for 2-3. mins, by continuosly tossing and mixing.

Indian style 'Chinese egg fried rice' is ready !

Serving Suggestion:
Makes 2 small size servings or one large platter.
Serve with grilled chicken, hot sauce , tomato sauce or any sauce that is suitable.
Sprinkle spring onion.







Tuesday, June 11, 2024

Kadanja Keerai or mashed spinach

 Kadanja keerai / Keerai masiyal / Mashed spinach in Indian style. This is one of my favorite versions of spinach which I used to enjoy growing up. My amma used to make this type of spinach almost on every other day along with fish curry. She used to buy arai keerai for preparing this dish. But I have used flat leaf spinach we usually get from any American grocery store. (Malabar spinach or Indian spinach is not suitable for this recipe)   






Ingredients:
Arai keerai / US Spinach - 1 bunch
Shallot - 1
Green chili - 2
Garlic - 2 cloves
Water - 1/4 cup
Salt - 1/4 tsp
Cumin - 1/2 tsp

Method:
Remove big stems off the spinach if any.
If using arai keerai, then use leaves and tender stems only. Discard the peelable matured stems.
Rinse the spinach well (see video). Remove water completely.


Heat 1/4 cup water in a cooking vessel.
Add peeled shallot, garlic, green chili. Boil for 5 mins.

Add spinach to the boiling ingredients. Cook uncovered for 5 mins. Stir after 3 mins and cook completely.
Switch off. Add salt, cumin.
Mash to a coarse semi thick gravy. In the video I have shown 'how to use kitchenaid blender' to mash spinach. We can use a 'kal chatty' an earthern vessel studded with coarse stones to mash this too (that is the authentic way).

Mashed spinach is ready !

Serving Suggestion:
Serve as side dish or as curry over rice.
Makes a healthy food for kids and adults.
1 lb spinach may be good enough for a 4 member family.
1/2 lb (1/4 kg) spinach / keerai would be more than enough for 2 adults.











Wednesday, June 5, 2024

Ellu satham Sesame Rice

Sesame rice / Ellu Sadham is a 'variety rice'. This is a healthy rice.  This is prepared as starter rice (1 or 2 tbsp per person) when preparing some other variety rices namely, Puliyotharai, lemon rice, curd rice etc. along with vadai especially ulunthu vadai.
I have given the ingredients for small quantity. This makes one generous serving (good enough to fill a lunch box) or as 'starter variety rice'.
Mahabharata tells a lot about this sesame. Eat this once in a week or biweekly to get full body health. Sesame is a miraculous healing food. I read a lot about this sesame and found that it is pretty much helpful.

Ellu sadham and Ulunthu vadai 

Ellu Satham




Ingredients: 
Rice - 1/2 cup 
Garnish:
Sesame oil - 1 tbsp
Mustard - 1 tsp
Urid dal - 1 tsp
Curry leaf - few
Sesame powder:
Red chili - 2
Shredded coconut - 2 tbsp
Black sesame - 3 tbsp
Salt - 1/2 tsp

Method:
Cook the rice as usual but grainy. I follow the stove top cooking method. After soaking the rice for 10 mins, cook it in stove with 5 cups of water. Let it boil for 10 mins (watch it often). Check if rice is cooked (not mushy). Drain water. Keep the rice aside.

Heat a wok, add 1 tbsp sesame oil. Add mustard , when it starts popping add urid dal. Then after it gets red, add curry leaf. Pour this fried items over cooked rice, but reserve the oil (see how I did in my video).
We can do the garnish later also, but after preparing the sesame powder, we may have to clean it before using it again. That's why  I do the garnish first.

Next prepare the sesame powder. Heat the same wok, with the remaining oil. If needed add 1 tsp sesame oil. Add dry red chilies and fry a few secs till it gets more crispy and flavorful. Take it out. Add the shredded coconut and fry for few minutes in low heat. Once the coconut starts turning red, add sesame seeds. We can use either black or white sesame. Toast for a few seconds to get a nice aroma (sesame may pop all over the stove. so cook covered if needed. Switch off. Put it in another vessel along with red chilies immediately. Let cool. Grind to a coarse powder without adding water. 

Add this powder to rice and mix well.

Sesame rice Ellu sadham is ready !

Serving suggestion:
Makes a starter dish if we are preparing a lot of different 'variety rices'.
Sesame is good for our bones , makes our bones strong as it contains lot of calcium in absorbable form.
It is a super food that helps our body completely, gets rid of pains, inflammation.














Paneer Tikka (baked)

Tikka is a kind of kebab prepared in  India and surrounding countries. Click to see my chicken tikka kebab video and blog.
I usually make this Paneer Tikka with Ghee rice, Saravana Bhavan kuruma and raitha.


Ingredients:
Paneer - 1 lb (450 gm)
Bell pepper - 2

Tikka Masala
Maida (AP flour ) - 3 tbsp
Turmeric - 1 tsp
Red chilly powder - 1.5 tsp
Coriander Powder - 3 tsp
Garam masala powder - 1 tbsp
Chaat masala - 1 tsp
Cumin powder - 1 /2 tsp
Salt - 2 tsp
Pink Salt - 1/2 tsp
Red food color - a pinch
Vinegar 1 tbsp (or) Lemon1/2
Ginger garlic paste - 2 tbsp
Peanut oil - 2 tbsp 
Thick Indian yogurt - 1/2 cup




Prepared kabab before baking


Bake @ 425 F for 15 mins

 
Baked Paneer Tikka kebab
Paneer Tikka with coconut milk rice, veg kuruma and raitha.



Method:
Blend the masalas listed under Tikka together in a mixing bowl.
Soak the bamboo skewers in water more than 1 hour.
Cut the paneer into 1.5 inch size cubes (big cubes).
Mix the paneer pieces with required masala. Add it little by little until all the pieces are coated well.
No need to marinate. But If we are preparing this for some party, then marinate the paneer overnight inside fridge (or few hrs before) to make things easier.
Cut 2 colorful bellpeppers into 2 inch size pieces (little bigger than paneer, as capsicum shrinks while cooking). 
Thread the pieces of paneer and bell pepper in the skewer with a little spacing. 
Preheat oven to 425 F (10 mins).
Brush some peanut oil  or butter allover the kebab.
Arrange on a baking tray.
Bake the kebabs in oven at 425 F for 10mins one side. Then flip , apply oil / butter using a basting brush and bake for 5 mins.
The time varies as per oven, so check in between. 
(Instead the pieces can be grilled , shallow fried or deep fried also).
Take out and enjoy !
(Brush some oil or butter over the kebab to keep it shiny and moist. Also keep it wrapped inside an aluminum foil or inside an air tight container till served. Reheating in the oven is ok, but this paneer kebab tastes good immediately after baking.  Chicken kebabs and paneer kebabs can be warmed in oven for few mins only).

Paneer tikka is ready!

Serving suggestion:
We can serve them simply as a starter along with white sauce or as snack or side dish or stuffing inside chapati rolls.





Friday, May 31, 2024

Red Cabbage Stir-fry

Red cabbage is more nutritious than the regular green cabbage (says the internet and I believe this).
Purple cabbage / Red cabbage is a nice alternative to the usual green cabbage we see everyday. I think I am lucky to get this in USA (as I love new veggies very much). 
Also there is a reason why I look for unique and tasty vegetables that grow locally. I cook Indian foods often (say 90%). So I have to shop at an Indian grocery store every week just like anyone. But we need some specific foods like 'fat-free milk', bread, egg, chicken etc. And the desi stores I visit don't have them. So I have to go to 2 stores every week ie., an Indian store for vegetables and one American store for milk, egg, bread, meat etc. But I found that going to 2 stores would make me buy more stuffs (if I like or not, I feel the urge to buy). So to reduce that habit and to save some money, I decided to go to one store per week. (Trust me, this is a very good way to save money and time). When I go to American store I would stock up for next week too and vice versa. I am practicing this as much as possible.
Long story short, this habit has made me explore new vegetables and I got creative to include all the local  vegetables in my Indian style food.
This is not the only story behind this red cabbage. I love this pink color so much that , I love to eat these fancy colored veggies. Ha ha ! So here goes an yummy Indianised stir-fry using this cute red cabbage.
Besides this simple stir fry , I click to see my salad and Sauerkraut using this red cabbage.




Taiwan cabbage and Red cabbage, Green cabbage in Asian grocery store - Piscataway




Ingredients

Purple cabbage Stir-fry




Our Lunch: Red cabbage stir fry with paruppu kulambu rice, pickle

Ingredients:
Red Cabbage - 200 gms
Green peas - 1 cup
Red Onion - 1 
Ginger - 1 inch
Dry Red Chili - 2 
curry leaf - 1 sprig
Shredded coconut - 2 tbsp
cumin - 1 tsp
Coconut oil - 1 tbsp
Mustard seed - 1 tsp
Salt - 1 tsp

Method:
Finely chop the cabbage and keep aside.
Chop the red onion, ginger finely. Cut the dry red chili into small pieces.
Heat oil in a wok.
Add mustard seeds and let them pop.
Immediately add chopped onion, curry leaf, dry red chili , ginger and stir well til the onion gets semi cooked.
Then add the green peas (I used frozen green peas. I defrost them by rinsing the peas in water).
Stir fry the peas (2 mins).
Now add the chopped cabbage.
Stir for few seconds.
Add salt to taste (1 tsp)
Add 1/4 cup water and cook it tightly covered (5 mins).
Open the lid and let the water evaporate.
Once the water is evaporated add the cumin and shredded coconut and stir well.
Switch off.

Red Cabbage stir-fry is ready!

Serving suggestions:

The above said quantity can be served for 4 people.
Serve as side dish with sambar rice, rasam or any spicy puli kulambu.



Perfect Traditional Adai Dosai

Perfect traditional Adai dosai. To grind: Idly rice / any rice - 1cup Raw rice (Basmati) - 1 cup Thoor dhal - 1/4 cup Channa dhal - 1/2 cup ...